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    【托福考试网】2010年,[外语考试]托福阅读:Out for the Count[1]-托福考试(TOEFL):中华托福网
    n.LearnaboutanestheticsonthisMomentofScience.  Ifyou’veeverhadmajorsurgery,youprobablyrememberlyingdownandwakingup–butnothinginbetween.Thankstotheanesthesiologist,duringtheactualsurgeryyouwereoutofi...-zhksw摘 关键词:考试 真题 模拟题 试题 押密 预测 练 答案 习题
    作者:佚名  来源:中华考试  发布时间:2010-11-15 5:07:39

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    麻醉,是各种手术中不可缺少之环节。麻醉被广泛应用了很多年,但目前为止,为什么药物能在人体内工作并让人在一段时间内失去知觉仍是神经科学中之未解之谜。



      If you've ever had major surgery, you probably remember lying down and waking up--but nothing in between. Learn about anesthetics on this Moment of Science.



      If you’ve ever had major surgery, you probably remember lying down and waking up–but nothing in between. Thanks to the anesthesiologist, during the actual surgery you were out of it: immobilized and insensitive to pain. But until recently scientists had little understanding of how anesthetics actually work on the cellular level.



      That’s changed thanks to recent experiments performed by researchers at the University of Zurich, in Switzerland. They knew that anesthetics caused pain receptors in the brain to turn off by acting like most drugs do: anesthetizing drugs attach to particular sites on nerve cells and turn them off. The question was, where on nerve cells do these drugs attach?



      Nerve cell membranes(细胞膜) have receptors for different kinds of chemicals produced by the brain. Gamma-amino butyric acid(γ-氨基丁酸), or GABA(伽马氨基丁酸), for example, is a chemical that shuts down nerve cells. The hypothesis was that general anesthesia works by binding to GABA receptors on a nerve cell, thereby activating the receptor and instructing the cell to shut down. So it made sense for the Zurich researchers to focus on GABA receptors.



      To do this they worked with mice that had bee
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